Charolais Embryos for Sale from Davis Rairdan
Davis Rairdan has Charolais embryos for sale from some of the most
prominent Canadian Charolais breeders, and from some of the most
distinguished bloodlines of Charolais cattle. A variety is available
for embryo transplant at any given time.
Canadian Charolais Breeders
With the lightening of the import restrictions in Canada in the
mid-1960's full-blood Charolais were again imported from France.
This allowed for the importation of new bloodlines from France.
This meant new genetic material for tightly-bred Charolais pedigrees
of the time. Several breeding herds were established in Canada,
as well as the island of Eleuthera, in the Bahamas. Japan, England
and Ireland also imported purebred Charolais directly from France.
Offspring from these herds were later imported to the United States.
American Charolais Breeders
American Charolais are referred to as "purebred" or "recorded" depending
upon the percentage of known Charolais blood. The term purebred
is used on those that carry 31/32 or more Charolais blood and those
less than 31/32 can be referred to as recorded. People wishing to
develop a herd will still find it possible to upgrade, using purebred
Charolais sires, a foundation cow herd of one of the other cattle
breeds or their crosses. Five generations of purebred bulls are
required to produced the 31/32 level for classification as "purebred".
Sires used in the grading-up process must be registered. The offspring
from the first as well as succeeding generations must be registered
as "recorded" until they reach the 31/32 level at which time they
are referred to as purebred.
Charolais Breed Characteristics
It has been said that no other breed has impacted the North American
beef industry so significantly as the introduction of Charolais.
The Charolais came into widespread use in the United States cattle
industry at a time when producers were seeking larger framed, heavier
cattle than the traditional British breeds. The increased use on
the range indicates that the cows have performed well under a variety
of environmental conditions. Their ability to walk, graze aggressively
in warm weather, withstand reasonable cold, and raise heavy calves
has drawn special praise from many that have them. Bulls have developed
a well-earned reputation when used in grading-up for herd improvement.
This is especially noted when they are used in herds where size
and ruggedness are lacking Charolais are white or creamy white in
colour, but the skin carries appreciable pigmentation. The hair
coat is usually short in summer but thickens and lengthens in cold
weather. Charolais is a naturally horned beef animal. But through
the breeding-up program, where naturally polled breeds were sometimes
used as foundation animals, polled Charolais have emerged as an
important part of the breed. Charolais cattle are large with mature
bulls weighing from 2,000 to well over 2,500 pounds and cows weigh
from 1,250 to over 2,000 pounds.
Charolais Breed History
The Charolais originated in west-central to southeastern
France, in the old French provinces of Charolles and neighboring
Nievre. The exact origins of the Charolais are lost to us
but it must have been developed from cattle found in the
area. Legend has it that white cattle were first noticed
in the region as early as 878 A.D., and by the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries were well and favorably known
in French markets, especially at Lyon and Villefranche.
Selection developed a white breed of cattle which, like
other cattle of continental Europe, were used for draft,
milk and meat.
Soon after the First World War, a young Mexican industrialist
of French name and ancestry, Jean Pugibet, brought some
of the French cattle to his ranch in Mexico. Until the mid-1960s,
all the Charolais in Mexico, the United States and Canada
were descendants of this initial Pugibet herd. Due to the
limited number of original animals and the import restrictions
which were in place, they have been crossed on other cattle
in an upgrading process. Because of the use of the upgrading
process few of the Charolais cattle currently found in the
United State are of pure French breeding.